When we think about OCD we might bring to mind visions of the eccentric detective Monk at a crime scene wondering if he turned his stove off, or Sheldon from The Big Bang Theory refusing to drink from his friend’s glass. Unfortunately, these representations of OCD are pretty misleading and don’t capture the real difficulties people with OCD live with.
To help clear things up, we’ve compiled a list of common myths about OCD along with some helpful facts to dispel these misconceptions.
1. People with OCD are just uptight, weird, neurotic, or quirky
Sometimes the things people with OCD think and do might seem unusual, but OCD is far from just a personality quirk.
OCD is a mental illness that affects around 1-2 per cent of the adult population and for some it can be a significant disability. People with OCD experience intrusive, unwanted thoughts, images or urges that are very distressing (obsessions), and they try to relieve this distress by engaging in specific kinds of repetitive thought or behaviour (compulsions).
Compulsions momentarily relieve anxiety, however this relief is short-lived, and obsessions soon return creating a repetitive cycle of obsessive-compulsive thought and behaviour. This cycle is not something that can be simply ‘turned off’ and people living with the condition often describe feeling ‘imprisoned’ by their own mind.
Obsessions and compulsions can become incredibly time-consuming and debilitating, occupying several hours a day and significantly disrupting daily life.
2. People with OCD are just ‘neat freaks’ or ‘germophobes’
While obsessions and compulsions about orderliness and cleanliness are common in OCD, there are many other ways people can experience OCD, and the reason is more consequential than just liking things neat and tidy.
People with OCD might arrange, clean or check things for fear that something bad will happen if they don’t. For example, they might worry that if they don’t arrange things in a certain way, someone in their family will become ill, or if they touch certain things they will contract a disease and potentially spread it to others. Other common themes include fears about harming others (the fear that you have run over someone in a car and returning repeatedly to the location to check), or engaging in acts of self-harm that are incredibly distressing (avoiding balconies due to a fear that you will jump off them).
3. People with OCD don’t realise they’re acting irrationally
In most cases people with OCD know that what they are thinking and doing is irrational. Feeling compelled to engage in compulsions even though you know you’re thinking irrationally can be one of the most frustrating aspects of having OCD. Only a small percentage of people with OCD think that their beliefs are accurate (the house will burn down if the stove is not checked 30 times).
4. OCD is funny
OCD is often the butt of jokes in popular media, but it is no laughing matter. It is an incredibly debilitating and frustrating condition that can take a significant psychological toll.
Left untreated, OCD can severely limit a person’s ability to engage with others socially, maintain meaningful employment and participate in activities they enjoy.
Around 40 per cent of people with OCD experience depression at some time in their life, more than 60 per cent have suicidal thoughts at some point, and almost 25 per cent report having attempted suicide. Fortunately, treatments such as cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) and medication can help people gain control over their symptoms and many people experience full-recovery.
How to get help
If you or someone you know is experiencing symptoms of OCD, it’s important to consult a doctor or mental health professional.
You can also contact the SANE Help Centre for information and support.
Helpful links . . .
- International OCD Foundation
- Anxiety Recovery Centre Victoria
- SANE's OCD Factsheet
- Living with Obsessive compulsive disorder
Vijay is a SANE Help Centre Advisor.